The medical innovation of stem cell therapy has become one of the greatest milestones ever in the industry of medicine. Although this modern innovation has already made successful treatments to patients all over the world, there are still mysteries that enshroud it. Stem cell therapy may be a new discovery but its execution is not really that complicated to fathom. The treatment has even become much easier to perform with the invention of new equipment to assist in the process. In order to understand how it works, it is important to understand what stem cells are in the first place.
The Body’s Stem Cells
A stem cell is basically a special type of cell in the human body that aids the regeneration of tissues in the system. An embryonic stem cell is one of the most active stem cells produced by the human body but it is only present in an embryo. Embryonic stem cells have very fast regenerative abilities but their full nature is still shrouded by mystery to researchers. Researchers have found out that these stem cells can successfully treat certain patients but their use is still considered controversial to most.
The stem cells that can be found other than embryos are called adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are found in almost all parts of the body, including liver, bones, and other tissues. Adult stem cells are the most commonly used stem cells in a stem cell therapy but there are still some that uses embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells are typically acquired from the human brain tissues, bone marrow, and sometimes from the muscles. Researchers have also recently found out that fats contain large numbers of adult stem cells. Patients of this stem cell treatment have found cure in their conditions due to its quick and evident results.
The Type of Stem Cells
Stem cells are normally divided into three different types: the allogenic, xenogenic, and autologous stem cells. Stem cells that are harvested from animals are called the autologous stem cells. The human body does not normally reject autologous stem cells which is why they are the most ideal to use in surgeries and transplants. The term used to describe the stem cells that are used and harvested from the same species is allogenic stem cell. Therapies using this kind of stem cells are considered the safest due to the compatibility of stem cell markers. Stem cells that are harvested from a completely different source are called xenogenic. Xenogenic stem cells are used in treating various conditions although rejection in the patient’s body is quite common. If you want to know more about how stem cell therapy works, you should speak with your physician or research online.